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UPDATE: THIS FILE LAST EDITED 7-2013

LOW-VISION

PRINT

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A PUBLICATION FROM THE...

SIGHT LOSS
INFORMATION
DETECTIVE

.....ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

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SHOULD THE READER WANT TO SUGGEST ANY ADDITIONS OR CORRECTIONS FOR THIS BULLETIN, PLEASE SEND YOUR IDEAS - GO TO LINK, SEND A MESSAGE, NEAR THE TOP OF THIS WEBPAGE.

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NOTE: THIS INFORMATION IS NOT INTENDED AS AN ENDORSEMENT OR RECOMMENDATION, AND IS PRESENTED SIMPLY AS A CONVENIENCE TO THE READER. BECAUSE OF THE CHANGING AVAILABILITY OF PRODUCTS AND SERVICES, THE COMPLETENESS OF THIS LISTING IS NOT GUARANTEED.

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THE TERM TRADITIONALLY USED FOR THE SPECIAL TEXT NEEDS OF LOW VISION READERS IS LARGE-PRINT, HOWEVER, THIS NAME IS ACTUALLY MISLEADING AND INCOMPLETE AND IT NEEDS UPGRADING.

LOW-VISION PRINT IS NOT JUST A MATTER OF SIZE BUT RATHER ONE OF QUALITY. IN FACT, THE CAREFUL PLANNING FOR TEXT APPEARANCE AND PAGE ARRANGEMENT ARE THE BUILDING-BLOCKS TO REAL LOW-VISION-APPROVED COMMUNICATIONS.

THE FOLLOWING ARE PROVIDED AS A REMINDER CHECKLIST FOR CREATING OPTIMAL READABILITY.

SPECIFICALLY, THESE TEXT ELEMENTS CAN HELP A LOW VISION READER NAVIGATE A DOCUMENT OR VIDEO DISPLAY, AS WELL AS OFTEN MAKING THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BEING ABLE TO READ OR NOT.

1. TEXT SIZE

-A. MINIMUM FOR LARGE-PRINT IS 14-POINT

-B. 72 POINTS EQUALS ONE INCH

-C. RECOMMENDATION = 16 TO 18 POINT

2. TEXT STYLE

-A. CHOOSE PLAIN OR BOLD TYPEFACE

-B. CHOOSE SERIF OR NON-SERIF TYPEFACE

-C. RECOMMENDATION = OPEN AND UNIFORM TYPEFACE

3. TEXT SEPARATION

-A. HORIZONTAL LETTER AND WORD SPACING

-B. VERTICAL LINE SPACING

-C. RECOMMENDATION = AVOID TIGHT SPACING WHICH IS DIFFICULT TO READ

4. BEST TEXT

-A. OVER 95% OF MIXED CASE LETTERS IS POORLY-FORMED LOWERCASE

-B. ONLY 4 STEM AND 5 TAIL LETTERS ARE SMALL LOWERCASE

-C. EVEN 24-POINT FONT LOWERCASE IS NOT LEGAL LARGE-PRINT

-D. RECOMMENDATION = BETTER-FORMED BIG UPPERCASE
- SUPERIOR LETTER SPACING
- SUPERIOR OPEN FEATURES
- SUPERIOR EVEN LINEWEIGHT

5. PAPER AND TEXT COLOR

-A. POSITIVE IMAGE IS BLACK-ON-WHITE

-B. NEGATIVE IMAGE IS WHITE-ON-BLACK

-C. RECOMMENDATION = LOW GLARE WHITE-ON-BLACK

6. HARDCOPY RECOMMENDATIONS

-A. HIGH PAPER BRIGHTNESS RATING FOR BEST CONTRAST

-B. NON-SHINY PAPER FINISH FOR LOW GLARE

-C. 300 DOTS-PER-INCH FOR MINIMUM GOOD LEGIBILITY

7. FORMAT RECOMMENDATIONS

-A. LEAVE BLANK SPACE BEFORE PUNCUATION
- ? AND !

-B. USE DOTTED LINE BETWEEN COLUMNS TO HELP THE EYE TRACK ADJACENT ITEMS

-C. USE BLOCK PARAGRAPHS TO ELIMINATE READING GAPS

-D. USE JUSTIFIED-TEXT FOR SMOOTH LEFT-RIGHT MARGINS TO ELIMINATE READING GAPS

-E. USE A NUMBER, LETTER OR BULLET TO IDENTIFY QUICK-FIND ITEMS

-F. USE OVER-SIZE TEXT FOR QUICK-FIND PAGE NUMBERS

-G. USE CORNERS FOR QUICK-FIND PAGE NUMBERS

-H. LEAVE BLANK SPACE AFTER DOLLAR-SIGN ($)

-I. USE DASHES NOT SLASHES FOR DATES
- 1-1-2000

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION SEE THE FOLLOWING FILES:

FIRST, RELATED ONSITE INFORMATION LINKS...

1. LINK: WHITE ON BLACK

2. LINK: Q IS FOR QUALITY, #16

3. LINK: POINT SIZES

PLUS, THESE OFFSITE RESOURCES...

1. LINK: 5. FONTS REPORT #1
SITE: WWW DOT FREDS HEAD DOT INFO
SCROLL TO: HEADING - APHONT FOR LOW VISION READERS

2. LINK: FONTS REPORT #2
SITE: WWW DOT WEB AIM DOT ORG
SCROLL TO: HEADING - FONTS

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